What defines a Criminal Record in New Hampshire?
A criminal record is as an official document that records a person’s criminal history. The information assembles updated local, county and state jurisdiction. Also trial courts, courts of appeals as well as county and state correctional facilities. The standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county. The majority of New Hampshire criminal records are organized in online record depositories that are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report. This report is accessed through a number of courts, police departments, and the official New Hampshire State Records Online Database. The amount of criminal records information presented on StateRecords.org will vary from person to person. Resources are used to collect information because different sources often have non-standardized state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes. Criminal records in the state of New Hampshire generally include the following subjects:
New Hampshire Arrest Records
An arrest record is an official document providing information about a person questioned, apprehended, taken into custody, or placed in detention. They are held for investigation and/or charged with, indicted or tried for any felony, misdemeanor or other offense by any law enforcement or military authority. In New Hampshire, a person is arrested once they commit a misdemeanor amounting to as minor of an act as a breach of the peace or they commit a felony where there are reasonable grounds to believe they committed the crime, Rights & Responsibilities of Citizenship
. The arrest is made when the crime the offender committed is viewed in court, otherwise, the person can be called for a questioning.
New Hampshire Arrest Warrants
An arrest warrant is an official document signed and issued by a judge or magistrate on behalf of the local and state jurisdictions. This authorizes a police officer to arrest or detain the person or people named in the warrant or to search and seize the individual’s property. In New Hampshire, the police can arrest a person for committing a crime even without a warrant; in most cases, this occurs when the person commits the crime in an officer’s presence, New Hampshire Arrest Warrants
. If the law enforcement officer presents the arrest warrant, it should be issued by a judge and it should have the full information about the crime and the full details of the offender.
New Hampshire Misdemeanors
A misdemeanor is a non-indictable offense and is generally less severe than felonies. However, like felonies, a misdemeanor charge is classified by a number-based system. It is designed to describe the severity of the alleged crime. Misdemeanor crimes usually are noted from felonies by the seriousness of injury caused to another person. The cash value of the property taken, or a number of drugs in a person’s possession. There must be proof of intent to sell or distribute the drugs. In New Hampshire, misdemeanors are crimes that are punishable by less than one year in jail or by fines only, Misdemeanor Guide
. New Hampshire law categorizes misdemeanors into two classes: Class A misdemeanors and Class B misdemeanors. Some crimes, such as prostitution, disorderly conduct and shoplifting items valued at $1,000 or less, can be charged with Class A or B misdemeanors.
New Hampshire Felonies
A felony offense is a criminal conviction with a maximum sentence of more than 1 year, which is served in a county jail or state prison. In some cases, a felony conviction can even be punished by death. In New Hampshire, felonies are serious crimes that are punishable by more than one year in prison. New Hampshire law categorizes felonies into two classes: Class A felonies and Class B felonies. Class A felonies are more serious crimes than B felonies, Classification of Crimes
. A Class A felony is punishable by a maximum range of 7 ½ to 15 years in prison and a fine up to $4,000. Certain A felonies, such as murder and a second or later conviction for aggravated felonious sexual assault, are punishable by the death penalty or up to life in prison without parole. For a Class B felony, the court can impose a maximum range of 3 ½ to seven years in prison and a fine of up $2,000.
New Hampshire Sex Offender Listing
A sex offender listing is a registry of persons who convicted of committing a sex crime that is often accessible by the public. In most cases, jurisdictions compile their laws into sections, such as traffic, assault and sexual. Judges are given discretion as to whether they need registration for crimes besides the charges listed under the sex offender registration law,Sex Offender Resources
. A judge may order an adult to register as a sex offender if the crime they were convicted of involves sexual motivation.
New Hampshire Serious Traffic Violation
A serious traffic violation tends to involve willful disregard for public safety, death, serious bodily injury, damage to property and multiple minor traffic violations. New Hampshire traffic ticket fines are consistent across the state. When a person is convicted of a traffic violation, that person will receive points on his/ he NH driving record. The New Hampshire Division of Motor Vehicles will suspend his/ her NH driver's license if a person accumulates too many points within a certain time.
New Hampshire Conviction Records
A conviction record is a document providing information that a person is found guilty, pleaded guilty or pleaded no contest to criminal charges in a civilian or military court. The criminal charges are classified as a felony, misdemeanor or other offense. Conviction also includes a person judged delinquent, and less than honorably discharged or placed on probation, fined, imprisoned or paroled. A criminal conviction is rendered by either a jury of peers or a judge in a court of law. A conviction does not include a final judgment deleted by a pardon, set aside, reversed or otherwise rendered inoperative.
New Hampshire Jail and Inmate Records
Jail and inmate records are official documents of information about a person’s current and sometimes past inmate status. A person who is in jail or considered an inmate is someone deprived of their civil liberties. They are on trial for a crime or is serving, which maintains an inmate database that is often searchable online a prison sentence after being convicted of a crime. Most states have a Department of Corrections,Department of Correction
. These records often include the inmate’s name, incarceration date, expected the release date, convicted offense and sometimes photos.
New Hampshire Parole Information
Parole records are an official document that includes information about the release of a prisoner who agreed to certain conditions before completion of their maximum sentence. While the prisoner is on supervised parole, the board shall need as a condition of parole that they pay a monthly supervision fee of not less than $30, unless the board agrees to accept a lower fee after determining inability of the prisoner to pay. The board may also impose any conditions of parole it seems to make sure the best interests of the prisoner and the citizens of New Hampshire are served.
New Hampshire Probation Records
Probation records are official documents that show when a person receives probation as an alternative to prison. Probation allows people convicted of a crime in New Hampshire to serve their sentences out of custody, as long as they follow probation conditions imposed by the judge and probation officer Probation and Parole
. Probation is issued in proportion to the crime, so the length and nature of probation differ (sometimes drastically) from case to case. Probation typically falls into three categories: minimally supervised, supervised and intensive – an intensive is a form of very strict probation that has conditions that vary from state to state but that emphasize punishment and control of the offender within the community.
New Hampshire Juvenile Criminal Records
A juvenile criminal record is an official record of information about criminal activity committed by children or adolescents who are not yet of legal adult age. Juveniles are not considered convicted of a crime like an adult but instead are found to be “adjudicated delinquent”. These criminal records are often mistakenly erased or expunged once a person becomes of legal adult age, but in fact, the record remains unless the person petitions to have it expunged. If a person was found adjudicated delinquent to a criminal offense, they do not have to respond “yes” if asked whether they have ever been convicted of a crime, unless the question specifically asks if they were ever adjudicated delinquent as well.
New Hampshire History and Accuracy of Criminal Records
The accuracy of the data of criminal records depends on the record keeping and technological capabilities of the jurisdiction where the record is later digitized. New Hampshire criminal records archives usually tend to go back as far as the 1970s. Criminal and arrest data starts centralize and compile into an organized database much like we use today. Accuracy was more commonly affected by human error in the past. In the 1990s the quality and accuracy of record keeping improved exponentially due to the computer, so the information provides on StateRecords.org will vary from person to person.
New Hampshire Megan’s Law
Megan's Law is the term for state laws that create and support a sex offender registry, which provides information on registered sex offenders to the public. The first Megan's Law appeared after the rape and murder of 7-year-old New Jersey resident Megan Kanka by a sex offender who lived in the girl's own neighborhood. Soon after passage of this first Megan's Law, the federal government requires that all states set up sex offender registries and offer the public with information about those registered. A person must register on the public list as a sexual offender or offender against children, including his or her qualifying offense or offenses, shall be available to law enforcement through the offender’s criminal record and motor vehicle record, Sex Offender Resources
. If an offender’s obligation to register terminates for any reason, the department shall let know the division of motor vehicles of the change and the offender’s motor vehicle record shall no longer show that the person is required to register as a sexual offender or offender against children.